Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) is a condition that can affect premature babies (babies born before 30 weeks of pregnancy) and can lead to visual impairment or even total and permanent blindness if not treated in a timely and proper manner. ROP is caused when abnormal blood vessels form that can cause detachment of the retina, the light-sensitive tissue that lines the back of the eye. All infants who are born before 30 weeks should be evaluated for ROP shortly after their birth by an ophthalmologist experienced and familiar with the treatment of ROP, such as a pediatric ophthalmologist or retinal specialist.
There are five stages of ROP, with stage 1 being the least severe and stage 5 being the most serious (total retinal detachment). Infants with stage 1 or stage 2 ROP often suffer no serious complications and require no treatment. However, if an infant suffers from a more advanced stage of ROP, timely intervention is crucial. If proper treatment is instit